Single-Phase Power vs. Three-Phase Power

When looking into generators, many people do not understand the differences between three-phase and single-phase power. It is a difficult concept to grasp but we hope to better your understanding. This blog will go over the basics of how single-phase power and three-phase power work and the advantages of each.

To start off with, “single-phase” and “three-phase” refer to the process used in distribution of alternating current (AC) electric power. In other words, these are two different methods for power generation, transmission, and distribution. Single-phase is often used for powering smaller devices such as items within the home. On the other hand, three-phase is used for high horsepower motor loads.

Single-phase power consists of two wire power circuits with one circuit conductor and one neutral conductor. With single-phase power, 120 volts is standard in the United States.

Three-phase electric power consists of three circuit conductors which carry alternating currents. Each circuit conductor reaches its instantaneous peak value at a different time, one-third of a cycle apart (120 degrees). Thus, there is a constant power transfer over each cycle of the current. If this is difficult to understand, it can be thought of like a musical round.  When three people sing in a round, they start at different parts of the song and work together to make it flow. They are all singing the same song, just at three different times.

With three-phase power’s constant overlap, it never falls to zero while pulsating, resulting in the constant power transfer, whereas single-phase power falls to zero three times in each cycle (see diagrams). This just means that three-phase power offers superior operating characteristics.

Three-phase power is the most common method used by electrical grids worldwide since it is more efficient for great power needs. Three-phase is usually more economical than equivalent single-phase because it uses less conductor material to transmit electrical power. While three-phase is more costly to install, it may be the better choice for larger projects.  In addition, a three-phase motor is smaller than a single phase motor.

Advantages

Single-Phase Power                                                                        

-Energy-efficient for smaller loads

-Cheaper to Install

-Best for Domestic Use

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Three-Phase Power

-Smaller motor

-Never falls to zero

-More economical than equivalent single-phase

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Why You Should Invest in Fiber Optic Cable

You may or may not know that fiber optic cable is becoming quite popular and many businesses are trusting fiber to transmit their important data. This week’s blog will leave you with a better understanding of what fiber does, who uses it, and why it is changing the industry, as we know it.  In order to have a strong understanding of fiber, we’ll begin with the basics.

First of all, who uses fiber optic cable?  Maybe you have heard of Fiber-to-the-Home (FTTH) before? This does exactly what it says, runs fiber optic cable connections to individual residences.  FTTH allows for the delivery of a multitude of digital information for telephones, video, and data. Homeowners are moving away from copper cable because it cannot handle all of the new, upcoming technologies such as HD streaming video.  Fiber optic cable is less susceptible to corrosion or power surges, and provides the fastest, most versatile high-speed Internet connection.

In addition to homeowners, many businesses are also switching over to fiber. Local Exchange Servers are using fiber to carry the same service between central office switches at a local level.  Fiber optic network designs provide the security and reliability that multinational firms require when transmitting financial data and sensitive information between buildings and around the world.  With society’s present-day infatuation with HDTV, cable television providers are finding it necessary to install fiber optic networks in order to transmit high bandwidths of information. These are just a few of the many industries that are utilizing the advantages of fiber optics.

So, what exactly is fiber optic cable and how does it work? A fiber optic network is designed to transmit data via pulses of light through optical fiber and is typically run underground. This flexible, transparent fiber is made of plastic or silica that is marginally denser than a human hair. The fiber acts as a pipe to send light between two locations. Thus, data is traveling at the speed of light, ensuring the fastest transmission available.

There are so many reasons for investing in fiber optic networks. For example, fiber provides superior bending performance, it is ideal for transmitting high bandwidths of data over long distances, and it requires less maintenance than copper wiring networks. Those are three important reasons why fiber is becoming the industry standard. There are also long-term benefits including extremely limited attenuation of the product’s quality and no electrical interference. While fiber optics is the newest technology for transmitting your valuable data, it is also the best quality.

Lattice Communications is a fiber optic cable supplier that can get you the lowest price possible on bulk fiber optic cable. If you are considering upgrading your network infrastructure to fiber optics, consult with our representatives to determine if electing to buy fiber optic cable would benefit your business.

Lattice can also assist with designing and installing a fiber optic network. Ask about our fiber cable installation and turnkey construction services.

Next week we will be discussing three phase power vs. single phase power generators, how they are different, and the benefits of each.

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Which Generator is Best for You?

Generators can run on several fuel sources including natural gas, diesel, liquid propane (LP), and gasoline. Lattice Communications offers natural gas, diesel, and LP generators due to their unique benefits, and by offering these three options, we ensure that your needs are met.  It is important to research the advantages of each type of generator in order to make an educated decision on which is best for your company.  Keeping that in mind, we have gathered that information here to make your decision easier.

For example, let’s start with the popular diesel generators.  Diesel generators offer reliability, durability and fuel-efficiency. Those are only a few of the many advantages to purchasing diesel generators over gasoline generators. Diesel is more efficient, cost-effective, and durable than gasoline engines.  They use glow plugs rather than spark plugs, ensuring reliability. Diesel fuel is also safer than gasoline making it less likely to ignite and explode. You can use synthetic fuels in a diesel generator, such as non-petroleum based bio-fuels, easier than you can in other generators. They also emit less carbon monoxide than gasoline generators, making them compliant with EPA emissions standards. Thus, if you are looking for a cheaper, safer generator, diesel is your best option.

Another possibility is a liquid propane (LP) generator. LP generators are also emission-compliant.  They allow for clean burning with low carbon monoxide emissions, making them less toxic than gasoline counterparts.  LP generators offer engine noise levels that are quieter than other used standby generators and they provide more energy per unit than natural gas generators.  The use of liquid propane reduces foreign reliance on fuels and is cheaper than regular fuel. If you are searching for a generator that is safer for the environment and practical for heavy duty applications, LP generators are for you.

Last but not least, natural gas generators are budget-friendly, reliable, and safe for the environment. They have a dependable and renewable fuel source since they are powered by existing natural gas lines.  Natural gas is the cleanest burning fossil fuel, above diesel and propane, and is non-toxic if inhaled in small amounts.  Natural gas generators are inexpensive to purchase and maintain, making them an ideal choice for those working with a budget. Another advantage to natural gas generators is they do not produce a strong odor like other generators. Ultimately, natural gas generators are the low-cost, simple answer to your power needs.

Overall, Lattice offers diesel, LP, and natural gas generators because they are safer and more efficient than gasoline generators.  All three options are great for a multitude of projects. Lattice is here to help you decide which generator is best for you.

Top Advantages of Each

Natural Gas Generator
1) Most InexpensiveImage

2) Most Environmentally Friendly

 

 

 

 

Liquid Propane Generator

1) Low Noise LevelsImage

2) Environmentally Friendly

3) Cheaper

 

 

Diesel Generator

1) SafeImage

2) Cheaper

3) Fuel-Efficient

 

 

 

 

Join us next week when we discuss why fiber optic cable is a great investment for your company.

The Importance of HVAC Systems

 

Whether you are familiar with HVAC units or not, this week’s blog aims to help you better understand the importance of such systems. Anyone who has invested in telecommunication equipment knows that it is expensive and serves a vital function to the success of your business. Thus, it is important to protect this equipment from inclement weather. Shelters play a vital role in protecting your equipment from strong winds, rain, and flying debris, but can only protect against drastic environmental changes such as heat waves or freezing temperatures, for so long. To ensure the endurance of your equipment during extreme weather conditions, you will want to invest in HVAC units.

 

                The acronym HVAC stands for Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. HVAC systems are responsible for the continuous regulation of the environment surrounding your telecom equipment. As the outside weather changes, the environment in which your equipment is housed will change as well.  It is important to protect the equipment from over-heating, freezing, moisture, etc. In addition to telecom shelters, HVAC units are also commonly used in data centers and server rooms.

 

                During the summertime, when temperatures are high and heat waves are common, the air conditioning component of the HVAC system kicks on to keep your telecom equipment cool and prevent over-heating.  During the winter, your telecom equipment cannot operate if frozen, so the HVAC’s heating unit regulates the temperature surrounding your equipment.  The ventilation system protects against extreme humidity by replacing the air surrounding your equipment.  Smoke, heat, moisture, dust, and more can all be replaced through ventilation to ensure a continuously safe environment.

 

Dennis and Chuck’s HVAC website provides some interesting facts about HVAC systems:  According to UCLA Sustainability, “HVAC systems account for between 40-60% of total energy use in the commercial sector”.  This shows the importance that companies place on their HVAC systems. Also interestingly, according to NPR.com, the use of “Man Made Weather”, or early HVAC systems, began in “the 1920s as a way to get people to come to the movie theaters” and is now found in 82% of buildings”. Clearly, companies with important electrical and telecommunication equipment understand the importance of keeping it safe.  If you have important equipment that could be damaged during constantly changing environmental conditions, protect your investments through the implementation of HVAC systems.

 

Lattice Communications offers quality HVAC systems from top industry manufacturers.  Shelters, mobile cell towers, and data centers may be customized to include HVAC units based on the specific needs of customers. Lattice ensures the prosperous lifespan of your telecom equipment and will provide installation and turnkey construction to guarantee the completion of your project.

 

Next Wednesday’s blog will discuss the differences between Natural Gas, Liquid Propane, and Diesel generators and the advantages of each.

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